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Annual Security Report 2021 Executive Summary /by CRSS/

After consistent decline since 2015, violence in Pakistan increases by an alarming 42% in 2021

Islamabad, Dec 31: violence-related casualties in Pakistan declined at a steady rate since 2015, plateaued somewhat in the year prior, but seem to have accelerated dramatically this year again. With an increase of roughly 42% in 2021, Pakistan suffered 853 fatalities (up from 600 last year), and 1,690 injuries, directly linked to violence-related incidents. Nearly 75% of all violence-related fatalities were recorded from two provinces – KP (including FATA) and Balochistan. Of the total fatalities from violence in the country, Punjab province accounted for8%, followed by Sindh (tables 1 and 2).

Table 1: Casualties of violence by province/region – 2021
Pakistan *4800804
Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA)22798325
Khyber Pukhtunkhwa (KP16541206
Islamabad Capital Territory (ICT)91322
Gilgit Baltistan (GB)6713
Grand Total85316902550
* Victims of violent protests of TLP in the country; locations various and unknown.

Compared to the last year’s fatalities, all regions except ICT and GB suffered an exponential surge in violence with Balochistan accounting for a net 80% increase in violence-related fatalities (table 02).

Table 2: Comparative fatalities of violence by province/region – 2020 vs. 2021
Province/Region202020212021 % of total
Pakistan *04n/a
Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA)19122718.8%
Khyber Pukhtunkhwa (KP12216535.2%
Islamabad Capital Territory (ICT)109-10.0%
Gilgit Baltistan (GB)76-14.3%
Grand Total60085342.2%
* Victims of violent TLP protests of TLP; locations various and unknown.

Commensurately, both security operations and terror attacks increased this year. A total of 146 security operations were carried out during this year leaving 298 outlaws dead – a rise of more than 40% against the last year’s figures. In contrast, there were 403 terror attacks compared to last year’s 260 attacks (table 3). Four suicide attacks took place this year that left 20 persons dead as compared to two suicide attacks in last year that took10 lives (table 03).

Table 3: Security operations and terror attacks – 2021
Type of ViolenceFatalitiesInjuries# of incidents
Security operations29850146
Terror attacks5551647403
Grand Total8531697549

An alarming upsurge of over 41% was observed this year in the fatalities of security personnel. Last year, there was a decline of 18% in security personnel’s fatalities. Outlaws (including militants, insurgents, and criminals) suffered a 26.5% increase in fatalities while the civilians accounted for the largest number of the victims of violence. As a whole, the combined losses of civilian and security personnel’s lives were 74% of the total fatalities while the outlaws, the main perpetrators of violence, had suffered one fourth of the total fatalities – a rise of militancy that can be attributed to the success of the Taliban in Afghan that had bolstered the morale of Pakistani militants operating from within and outside of the country (table 4).

Table 4: Fatalities by victims – 2020 vs. 2021
Victims20202021% Change
Government and Security Officials16327065.6%

Afghan militants and even a member ofthe Afghan Taliban were reported to have been involved in violence in Pakistan that left 15 persons dead. The separatist groups, BLA, BLF, BRA, BRG, and SRA (see tables 5 and 6) also continued their activities leaving 25 persons dead and 56 wounded. The militant organization, Daish (Islamic State or IS) also carried out two attacks that left 12 persons dead while the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) claimed to have carried out 10 attacks leaving 34 dead and 32 wounded. The criminals, dacoits, drug smugglers, Ladi and Rahim Phulpoto gangs had also resorted to violence and left 22 people dead and 6 wounded.

Mob violence brought about by Tehreek-e-Labbaik Pakistan (TLP) protests resulted in the deaths of 13 people with another 1056 persons wounded, mostly policemen. Inspired by the TLP protests, some teenagers also took the law into their hands and carried out violent attacks in the name of religion. One teenager killed an Ahmadi homeopathic doctor in Bazidkhel area of Peshawar and two others wounded an Ahmadi Head Master in Layyah chanting slogan of ‘Labbaik ya Rasul Allah’.

Table 5: Fatalities claimed by militant outfits – 2021
ClaimantsFatalitiesInjuries# of incidents
Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) – Various343210
Baloch Liberation Army (BLA)173310
Afghan militants/kidnappers/Taliban161311
Tehrik-e-Labaik Pakistan (TLP) – Protestors1410568
Islamic State (IS or Daesh)1242
Gangs, dacoits, smugglers, drug-lords1026
Baluch Liberation Front (BLF)548
Baloch Republican Guards (BRG)131
Baloch Republican Army (BRA)1162
Sindhudesh Revolutionary Army (SRA)101
Grand Total8261696544

A large number of outlaws were also arrested by the security officials during this year and the highest number of them were the militants belonging to TTP (44), Daish (31), AQ and AQIS (8), Afghan militants (6), Zainebyuon Brigade (5), LeT (2), LeJ (1) and some others whose affiliation to any militant outfit was not reported. Three security personnel were also apprehended during this year. Interestingly, three militants arrested this year were affiliated with bothTTP and Daish.

A total 32 militants associated with the separatist groups were also arrested during this year. Of them 17 belonged to SRA, 7 to BLA, 2 to UBA, 1 to JSMM, and the identity of the remaining 5 separatists were not disclosed in the report.

Among the 14 hard core criminals arrested during the year there were 5 from Lyari gangs, 4 from Zahid Ladla gang, 4 from dacoits of kucha areas, and 1 from Shiraz Comrade gang.

Table 6: Militants, insurgents, and criminals arrested in 2021
Kucha Area Dacoits4
Lyari Gangsters5
Shiraz Comrade Gang1
Zahid Ladla Gang4
Al-Qaeda (AQ)7
Al-Qaeda in the Indian Sub-Continent (AQIS)1
Islamic State (IS or Daesh)30
Hizb-ut-Tahrir (HuT)1
Sipah-e-Mohammed Pakistan (SMP)1
Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LeJ)1
Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT)2
Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP)46
Zainebyuon Brigade5
Afghan Militants6
Other militants71
Baloch Liberation Army (BLA)7
Insurgent – attacker on army1
Insurgents – unk4
Jeay Sindh Muttahida Mahaz (JSMM)1
Sindhudesh Revolutionary Army (SRA)17
United Baloch Army (UBA)2

The government had initiated dialogues with the TTP leadership in Afghanistan to seek a peaceful solution to the ongoing wave of militancy in the country.  As a goodwill gesture, the government and TTP had announced a ceasefire for a month that ended on December 11, 2021. Despite the government’s willingness to extend its duration, the TTP refused to extend its limit. It is claimed that while the dialogues are still ongoing with the TTP,the resurgence of violence with security personnel as the main target has become a matter of concern.

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